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“Could the Nazi holocaust have happened without anyone knowing about it? The American holocaust has.”

— William Blum

Killing Hope:
U.S. Military and CIA Interventions
Since World War II

bookcover photos show American tanks, bombers, an aircraft carrier deck, a battleship firing a heavy gun and marching babykiller troops.
bookcover photo shows heavily armed American troops and tank entering a town in Haiti.
(cover of earlier edition)

Common Courage Press, 1995, 2001; ISBN 1-56751-052-3

In the introduction to this book, William Blum writes:

“George Bernard Shaw used three concepts to describe the positions of individuals in Nazi Germany: intelligence, decency and Naziism. He argued that if a person was intelligent and a Nazi, he was not decent. If he was decent and a Nazi, he was not intelligent. And if he was decent and intelligent, he was not a Nazi.”

After studying the appalling information in Killing Hope, you will know that you can replace the word “Nazi” in the above statement with the term “American patriot” (or “Zionist Israeli”) and it will be every bit as true.

Permit me, therefore, to record an updated version of Shaw’s three concepts:

  1. If a person is decent and an American patriot, he or she is not intelligent.

  2. If a person is intelligent and an American patriot, he or she is not decent.

  3. And if a person is decent and intelligent, he or she is not an American patriot.

A very useful rule of thumb.

Mass ignorance of, or indifference to, our own evil history is certainly the case within America, and the reason for it is explained by statements 1 and 2 above. A very high percentage of Americans are simply not intelligent and decent. Even if they lead relatively decent personal lives they are total fools for the professionally crafted propaganda that saturates the corporate mass-media. And that propaganda is created by American patriots of the second variety: they may be intelligent, but they surely are not decent.

Fortunately, there is a steadily growing number of people in America who are no longer patriots because they are both decent and intelligent. The information made available by books like William Blum’s, and by the Internet, is revealing to increasing numbers of people that the United States of America is not only “the world’s lone remaining superpower”, it is also the world’s greatest, most predatory terrorist nation.

From The American Holocaust

Table of Contents
for Killing Hope

Introduction to the new edition

Introduction to the original edition

  1. China — 1945 to 1960s: Was Mao Tse-tung just paranoid?

  2. Italy — 1947-1948: Free elections, Hollywood style

  3. Greece — 1947 to early 1950s: From cradle of democracy to client state

  4. The Philippines — 1940s and 1950s: America’s oldest colony

  5. Korea — 1945-1953: Was it all that it appeared to be?

  6. Albania — 1949-1953: The proper English spy

  7. Eastern Europe — 1948-1956: Operation Splinter Factor

  8. Germany — 1950s: Everything from juvenile delinquency to terrorism

  9. Iran — 1953: Making it safe for the King of Kings

  10. Guatemala — 1953-1954: While the world watched

  11. Costa Rica — Mid-1950s: Trying to topple an ally - Part 1

  12. Syria — 1956-1957: Purchasing a new government

  13. Middle East — 1957-1958: The Eisenhower Doctrine claims another backyard for America

  14. Indonesia — 1957-1958: War and pornography

  15. Western Europe — 1950s and 1960s: Fronts within fronts within fronts

  16. British Guiana — 1953-1964: The CIA’s international labor mafia

  17. Soviet Union — Late 1940s to 1960s: From spy planes to book publishing

  18. Italy — 1950s to 1970s: Supporting the Cardinal’s orphans and techno-fascism

  19. Vietnam — 1950-1973: The Hearts and Minds Circus

  20. Cambodia — 1955-1973: Prince Sihanouk walks the high-wire of neutralism

  21. Laos — 1957-1973: L’Armée Clandestine

  22. Haiti — 1959-1963: The Marines land, again

  23. Guatemala — 1960: One good coup deserves another

  24. France/Algeria — 1960s: L’état, c’est la CIA

  25. Ecuador — 1960-1963: A text book of dirty tricks

  26. The Congo — 1960-1964: The assassination of Patrice Lumumba

  27. Brazil — 1961-1964: Introducing the marvelous new world of death squads

  28. Peru — 1960-1965: Fort Bragg moves to the jungle

  29. Dominican Republic — 1960-1966: Saving democracy from communism by getting rid of democracy

  30. Cuba — 1959 to 1980s: The unforgivable revolution

  31. Indonesia — 1965: Liquidating President Sukarno ... and 500,000 others ..... East Timor — 1975: And 200,000 more

  32. Ghana — 1966: Kwame Nkrumah steps out of line

  33. Uruguay — 1964-1970: Torture -- as American as apple pie

  34. Chile — 1964-1973: A hammer and sickle stamped on your child’s forehead

  35. Greece — 1964-1974: “Fuck your Parliament and your Constitution,” said the President of the United States

  36. Bolivia — 1964-1975: Tracking down Che Guevara in the land of coup d’etat

  37. Guatemala — 1962 to 1980s: A less publicized “final solution”

  38. Costa Rica — 1970-1971: Trying to topple an ally — Part 2

  39. Iraq — 1972-1975: Covert action should not be confused with missionary work

  40. Australia — 1973-1975: Another free election bites the dust

  41. Angola — 1975 to 1980s: The Great Powers Poker Game

  42. Zaire — 1975-1978: Mobutu and the CIA, a marriage made in heaven

  43. Jamaica — 1976-1980: Kissinger’s ultimatum

  44. Seychelles — 1979-1981: Yet another area of great strategic importance

  45. Grenada — 1979-1984: Lying — one of the few growth industries in Washington

  46. Morocco — 1983: A video nasty

  47. Suriname — 1982-1984: Once again, the Cuban bogeyman

  48. Libya — 1981-1989: Ronald Reagan meets his match

  49. Nicaragua — 1981-1990: Destabilization in slow motion

  50. Panama — 1969-1991: Double-crossing our drug supplier

  51. Bulgaria 1990 / Albania 1991: Teaching communists what democracy is all about

  52. Iraq — 1990-1991: Desert holocaust

  53. Afghanistan — 1979-1992: America’s Jihad

  54. El Salvador — 1980-1994: Human rights, Washington style

  55. Haiti — 1986-1994: Who will rid me of this turbulent priest?


Appendix I: This is How the Money Goes Round

Appendix II: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-1945

Appendix III: U. S. Government Assassination Plots


A companion interview to this book is available at Common Courage Press: Coming to Terms with the American Holocaust


“The single most useful summary of CIA history.”

— John Stockwell
13-year veteran of the CIA
former U.S. Marine Corps major

“A valuable reference for anyone interested in the conduct of U.S. foreign policy.”

— Choice

“Far and away the best book on the topic.”

— Noam Chomsky
M.I.T. professor of linguistics
U.S. foreign policy critic
author of The Culture of Terrorism
What Uncle Sam Really Wants

“I enjoyed it immensely.”

— Gore Vidal
author of The American Presidency
The Decline and Fall of the American Empire

“I bought several more copies to circulate to friends with the hope of shedding new light and understanding on their political outlooks.”

— Oliver Stone

“A very valuable book. The research and organization are extremely impressive.”

— A. J. Langguth
author and former NY Times Bureau Chief

“A very useful piece of work, daunting in scope, important.”

— Thomas Powers
author and Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist

“Each chapter I read made me more and more angry.”

— Dr. Helen Caldicott
international leader of the environmental movement

About the Author

William Blum left the State Department in 1967, abandoning his aspiration of becoming a Foreign Service Officer, because of his opposition to what the United States was doing in Vietnam.

He then became one of the founders and editors of the Washington Free Press, the first “underground” newspaper in the capital.

In 1969, he wrote and published an exposé of the CIA in which was revealed the names and addresses of more than 200 employees of the Agency.

Mr. Blum has been a freelance journalist in the United States, Europe and South America. His stay in Chile in 1972-73, writing about the Allende government’s “socialist experiment”, and then its tragic overthrow in a CIA-designed coup, instilled in him a personal involvement and an even more heightened interest in what his government was doing in various corners of the world.

In the mid-1970s, he worked in London with former CIA officer Philip Agee and his associates on their project of exposing CIA personnel and their misdeeds.

In 1999, he was one of the recipients of Project Censored’s awards for “exemplary journalism” for writing one of the top ten censored stories of 1998, an article on how, in the 1980s, the United States gave Iraq the material to develop a chemical and biological warfare capability.

Currently he is living in Washington, D.C. again, making use of the Library of Congress and the National Archives, and striking fear into the hearts of U.S. government imperialists.

William Blum is also the author of Rogue State: A Guide to the World’s Only Superpower

Related sites

The American Holocaust

This is William Blum’s personal website for his book Killing Hope. Here you can order a copy signed to you personally, and shipped immediately, directly from the author.

The American Holocaust site offers several of the chapters from the book for online reading (linked to above). Several of the author’s essays are also available at the site for reading online:

The Real Drug Lords:
A brief history of CIA involvement in the Drug Trade

by William Blum

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